Sodium perchlorate is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula NaClO4. It is a white crystalline, hygroscopic solid that is highly soluble in water and in alcohol.
Chemical formula:NaClO4;NaClO4.H2O (monohydrate)
Molar mass: 122.44 g/mol
Appearance: White crystalline solid
Density :2.4994 g/cm3;2.02 g/cm3 (monohydrate)
Melting point: 468 °C (874 °F; 741 K) (decomposes, anhydrous);130 °C (monohydrate)
Boiling point: 482 °C (900 °F; 755 K) (decomposes, monohydrate)
Solubility in water:209.6 g/100 mL (25 °C, anhydrous);209 g/100 mL (15 °C, monohydrate)
Refractive index (nD):1.4617
Sodium perchlorate, monohydrate is a chaotropic agent used in standard DNA extraction and hybridization reactions in molecular biology. It is widely utilized as a deproteinization agent during nucleic acid synthesis. A bit of modern commercial explosives products may contain sodium perchlorate, ammonium perchlorate, or potassium perchlorate as a chemical sensitizing agent.